How To Do Multiplication

(Factors and Products)

Before your child learns how to do multiplication, you'll want to be sure that he or she knows the basic components of multiplying--factors and products.

Multiplication factors are the numbers that are being multiplied in a problem, and the answer to the problem is called the product.

It's important when beginning to learn multiplication for the student to be able to call each number in the equation by it's correct name.  This helps your child to have the ability to follow the teacher's instructions for both multiplication homework and classroom drills.

Factors and products can be confusing to children learning how to write out problems.  They can appear in different positions depending on how problems are written out.

Both of the examples below are correct examples of writing the same multiplication problem.

how to do multiplication - vertical

Regardless of the version shown, vertical (as above) or horizontal (see below), the factors and the product are still the same.

how to do multiplication - horizontal

How To Do Multiplication: Factors and Products Worksheet

This printable worksheet gives extra reinforcement for the student's understanding. 

In this activity sheet, there are four horizontal problems and four vertical ones.

For the horizontal multiplication problems, have your student circle the product and write the factors on the line to the right.  The first one is done as an example.

For the vertical problems, have your child circl the factors.

Simply click the photo to view, download, and print the pdf file from Google Drive.

how to do multiplication - learning factors and products

For more help with multiplication, check out the resources below.

multiplication flash cards 00
3 basic multiplication rules
tips for teaching multiplication
multiplying by skip counting


› Factors & Products

New! Comments

Have suggestions or requests for a worksheet? Let's Talk!

Follow

get worksheets on facebook
get worksheets on pinterest
worksheets rss feed

Newsletter

Sign up for the newsletter to receive important updates about new lessons, coupon codes for school supplies and books, and to provide feedback on the site.

Enter Your E-mail Address
Enter Your First Name (optional)
Then

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you Free Sheets.

Educational Resources

I've put together a list of educational resources that include links to more free work sheets, workbooks, home school curriculums, teacher resources, and learning toys.